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Titel: Empirical research on ethics: The influence of social roles on decisions and on their ethical justification.
Autor(en): Witte, Erich H.
Heitkamp, Imke
Erscheinungsdatum: 2005
Serie/Report Nr.: Hamburger Forschungsberichte zur Sozialpsychologie;61
Zusammenfassung: Two questionnaire studies try to answer the question if different social roles lead to different decisions and justifications concerning ethical problems. In study I participants were asked to decide either on an economic or a medical problem while going into a related social role, in study II role expectations were asked for. The decision had to be justified by weighing the importance of four classical ethical positions: hedonism, intuitionism, utilitarianism, and deontology. The results show that decisions and their justifications are dependent on social roles and partly on the context. The effect which is interpreted as stemming from social standardization is greater for role behavior. The differences between role behavior and expectation indicate a misunderstanding crucial for group decisions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11780/557
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