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Titel: Dyadic facial affective indicators of severity of symptomatic burden in patients with panic disorder
Autoren: Benecke, Cord
Krause, Rainer
Erscheinungsdatum: 2007
Zusammenfassung: Background: Based on the results of research on facial affective behaviour in different psychological disorders, as well as on available findings on the specific behaviour of patients with panic disorder in interaction with their therapists, hypotheses about dyadic facial affective behaviour and its correlation with symptomatic burden of female panic patients are formulated. Sampling and Methods: The facial affective behaviour of 20 patients with panic disorder and their therapists, coded with EMFACS, in the first treatment session is analyzed regarding interactive enmeshment, and for a subgroup of 15 dyads these data are correlated with those on symptomatic burden before treatment. Results: A high degree of interactive enmeshment between patient and therapist correlates positively with the severity of symptomatic burden. All dyadic enmeshment indicators show highly significant positive correlations with body-related symptoms, but not with more general variables like global severity index of the SCL-90R or general anxiety (STAI). Conclusions: These results are discussed against the background of the specific psychodynamic of panic patients and show that, on the one hand, therapists practise an interactive abstinence, but on the other hand, they tend to be pulled into a specific interactive enmeshment by patients with greater symptomatic burden. Limitations of the study arise from the small sample and the lack of a comparison-group, therefore the question if the results are disorder-specific or more general cannot be answered.
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